Tuesday, 28 May 2024

Training & Fitness Terminology

Welcome to Auralpressure, your ultimate resource for training and fitness terminology. Whether you’re a seasoned athlete or a fitness enthusiast, understanding these terms is crucial for optimizing your workouts and achieving your goals. In this article, we will demystify common fitness terms, providing clear definitions and explanations to enhance your understanding. Let’s dive in!

Aerobic Fitness

A measure of how efficiently your blood transports oxygen throughout your body and how effectively your muscles utilize that oxygen.

Aerobic Metabolism

The cellular process in which the body utilizes oxygen to produce energy.

Aerobic Training

Training performed at a lower intensity, aiming to stimulate aerobic metabolism and improve overall fitness.

Aerobic Endurance

The capacity to engage in prolonged exercise without experiencing fatigue.


Processes occurring in the body’s cells without the presence of oxygen. Anaerobic training involves high-intensity, short-duration exercises to improve the efficiency of the body’s anaerobic energy systems.

Anaerobic Threshold

The point during exercise at which lactic acid starts to accumulate in the muscles. It occurs as exercise intensity increases and anaerobic processes become more dominant.

Beats per Minute (bpm)

The measurement of heart rate, expressed as the number of beats per minute.

Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)

The lowest rate of energy use that can sustain life, measured after a full night’s sleep under optimal conditions.

Body Composition

The division of the body into two components: fat mass (weight) and fat-free mass (muscle, bone, skin, and organs).

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Pertaining to the heart and respiratory system.

Cardiorespiratory Endurance

Synonymous with aerobic endurance, it refers to the body’s ability to sustain aerobic exercise.


Relating to the heart and blood vessels.


The body’s ability to exercise with minimal fatigue. Common terms associated with endurance include endurance training, muscular endurance, and cardiorespiratory endurance.

Fartlek Training (Speed Play)

A training method involving varying the pace between fast sprints and slow jogging.

Fat-Free Mass

The combined mass of all non-fat components of the body, such as muscle, bone, skin, and organs.


Refers to how often you work out or the number of days per week you engage in physical activity.


The stored form of carbohydrates in the body, primarily found in the muscles and liver.

Heart Rate

A measurement of the work done by the heart, typically expressed as beats per minute (bpm).

High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT)

An effective cardiovascular exercise method that alternates between high-intensity exercise and lower-intensity exercise or rest periods.

Interval Training

A training approach involving repeated exercise bouts interspersed with rest intervals. Depending on the length of the exercise and rest periods, it can be either anaerobic or aerobic.


A type of exercise involving static muscle contractions without visible joint movement.


Exercise with equal tension throughout the range of motion.


A salt formed from lactic acid, often used interchangeably.

Lactate Threshold

The point during intense exercise when blood lactate begins to accumulate above resting levels.

Maximal Oxygen Uptake (VO2max)

The maximum amount of oxygen the body can utilize during maximum exercise. It is often used as a measure of aerobic fitness.

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Maximum Heart Rate

The highest number of heartbeats per minute during maximal exercise.


A physical and mental state resulting from excessive training without adequate recovery.

Oxygen Consumption

The body’s ability to extract oxygen from the atmosphere, transport it via the respiratory system, and deliver it to working tissues for energy production.

Progressive Loading

Gradually increasing exercise load, frequency, or number of repetitions in your training routine.

Repetitions or Reps

The number of consecutive lifts or efforts performed without rest.

Resistance Training

Training designed to improve strength, power, and muscular endurance through resistance exercises, often involving weight training.

Resting Heart Rate

The number of heartbeats per minute when at complete rest. Resting heart rate decreases as fitness level improves.

Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR)

The body’s metabolic rate early in the morning after an overnight fast and a full eight hours of sleep. Different from basal metabolic rate.


The principle that gains in strength, endurance, or other fitness components will diminish when training is discontinued.


A group of repetitions performed together. A typical workout includes multiple sets of each exercise.


Having a workout partner who monitors your lifts for technique and safety, providing assistance when needed.


A reduction in training intensity before a major competition, allowing the body time to recover and peak performance.


Oxygen consumption/uptake by the body, often expressed as milliliters per kilogram per minute.


Also known as maximal oxygen uptake, it represents the highest rate at which the body can consume oxygen during maximum exercise.

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Q: What is the recommended frequency for aerobic training?
A: It is generally recommended to engage in aerobic training three to five times per week for optimal results.

Q: How can I improve my anaerobic endurance?
A: Incorporate high-intensity interval training (HIIT) into your workout routine. Alternating between bursts of intense exercise and rest periods will help enhance your anaerobic endurance.

Q: Can resistance training help with weight loss?
A: Absolutely! Resistance training helps increase muscle mass, which boosts your metabolism and promotes fat burning even at rest.

Q: How long should I rest between sets?
A: The rest period between sets depends on various factors, including the intensity and volume of your workout. Typically, a rest period of 30 to 90 seconds is recommended.

Q: Is it necessary to measure my heart rate during exercise?
A: While it’s not essential, monitoring your heart rate during exercise can provide valuable insights into your workout intensity and overall cardiovascular fitness.


Understanding training and fitness terminology is essential for optimizing your workouts and achieving your fitness goals. With this comprehensive guide, you now have a solid foundation to enhance your fitness knowledge. Remember to apply these terms in your training routine and consult with a fitness professional for personalized guidance. Start your fitness journey with Auralpressure today to unlock your full potential!