Monday, 17 Jun 2024

Sumo Wrestling: Discover the Ancient Sport That Combines Strength and Tradition

Sumo Wrestling, originating in Japan during the Edo period, is a fascinating and distinctive form of wrestling that has captivated audiences for centuries. Today, we explore the rules, techniques, and traditions that make Sumo truly unique.

Object of Sumo Wrestling

At first glance, Sumo may seem like a simple test of strength, with the objective being to force your opponent out of the ring or onto the canvas. However, there is much more to this ancient sport. Wrestlers employ a plethora of techniques and strategies to outmaneuver their opponents, showcasing the complexity and skill involved in Sumo.

The Blend of Sport and Tradition

While Sumo is considered a sport in Japan, it still retains many elements of the ancient Shinto religion. This is evident in the rituals performed at the start of every Sumo bout. Wrestlers engage in specific moves, such as leg raises and claps, to show their opponent that they come in peace and are ready for a fair fight. The throwing of salt into the ring is another traditional practice, symbolizing purification and driving away evil spirits.

Players & Equipment

One cannot help but notice the size of Sumo wrestlers. Unlike most sports, being as large as possible is not only advantageous but essential for success in Sumo. Wrestlers wear a mawashi, a tough loincloth made from heavyweight fabric, as their only required piece of equipment. Additionally, they grow their hair long and wear it in a topknot known as a chonmage.

Tham Khảo Thêm:  Why is American Football Called Football When they Carry the Ball?

Scoring and Rankings

In Sumo, no points are scored. Matches follow a win/lose format, and there can be no ties. Wrestlers are awarded points based on their performances in main Sumo tournaments, which determine their ranking within their division. There are six divisions in total, and promotion and relegation are possible each year.

Winning the Match

A Sumo match can be won in several ways. Wrestlers can push their opponent out of the ring, grab their opponent’s belt and force them out, or force their opponent onto the canvas. Each of these techniques has multiple variations, adding to the excitement and unpredictability of the matches. Sumo bouts rarely last more than a minute, ensuring fast-paced and thrilling action.

Rules of Sumo Wrestling

Sumo bouts take place in a ring approximately 15 feet in diameter, elevated on a block of clay called a dohyo. Before the match begins, wrestlers engage in an elaborate ceremonial ritual, including throwing salt into the ring. Once the ritual is complete, the referee signals the start of the match.

During the bout, wrestlers are not allowed to pull hair, punch, strike the ears, choke, or attack the groin area. However, aside from these restrictions, they are free to use various techniques to secure victory. As soon as one competitor is forced out of the ring or to the floor, the match ends, and the referee announces the winner and the technique used to win.


Q: How long has Sumo Wrestling been around?
A: Sumo Wrestling originated during the Edo period in Japan, which began around 1603.

Tham Khảo Thêm:  Slopestyle Skiing

Q: Is Sumo considered a martial art?
A: While Sumo is often referred to as a martial art, it is more accurately described as a sport due to its competitive nature.

Q: How are Sumo wrestlers ranked?
A: Wrestlers are ranked based on their performances in Sumo tournaments, with promotion and relegation possible each year.


Sumo Wrestling is a captivating sport that combines ancient traditions with incredible athleticism. The objective is simple – to force your opponent out of the ring or onto the canvas. However, the techniques, strategies, and rituals associated with Sumo elevate it to a level of complexity and intrigue that sets it apart from other forms of wrestling. Witness the power and grace of Sumo, a sport that has stood the test of time and continues to captivate audiences worldwide.

Visit to learn more about Sumo Wrestling and explore other fascinating topics.