Saturday, 22 Jun 2024

Squash – The Sport

Squash is a captivating racket sport played indoors in an enclosed court. It is recognized worldwide and has its roots in the UK. This article aims to provide an informative overview of the sport, its rules, and its various types. Whether you’re a seasoned player or someone curious about trying a new sport, this article will give you the insights you need to understand and appreciate squash.

The Court and Gameplay

The squash court is rectangular in shape and divided into two halves: the front and the rear. The rear half consists of two boxes separated by a vertical line, each with a small marked service area. The front wall has three markings, while the rear wall has one marking. The side walls have slanted markings connecting the front and rear wall markings.

A game of squash begins with a serve from the small service area within the rear boxes. The serve must strike between the top and middle markings on the front wall and land within the adjacent rear box. Players take turns returning the ball onto the front wall, allowing it to bounce only once on the floor before returning it. The ball can bounce multiple times on the side walls, but it must reach the front wall without touching the floor. A player earns points if their opponent fails to legally return the ball inbounds.

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Squash matches typically follow a best-of-five set format, with each set played for 11 points. The player who wins three sets first is declared the match winner.

Types of Squash Sports

Squash has inspired various similar sports, each with its own unique characteristics. Here are some notable squash-type sports:

  • Hardball Squash: Similar to indoor squash but played with a much harder ball.
  • Racquetball: A game involving hitting a hollow rubber ball using a stringed racket.
  • Racquets / Rackets: A sport similar to squash.
  • Paddleball (4 wall): Played with a solid paddle racket, resembling racquetball/squash.
  • Padel: Combines elements of tennis and squash on a smaller court with walls and a solid paddle racket.
  • Squash Tennis: Played on a squash court with tennis rackets and balls, combining aspects of both sports.
  • Stické Tennis: Derived from lawn tennis, played with a smaller court surrounded by four walls.
  • Tamburello: A racquet and ball sport from Italy.
  • Frontenis: Played on a ‘pelota court’ with rackets and a rubber ball.
  • Racketlon: A combination sport that includes table tennis, tennis, squash, and badminton.
  • Qianball: Developed in China, combining aspects of tennis and squash.

Squash-Type Sports Played with the Hand

In addition to racket-based sports, there are squash-type sports played exclusively with the hand. Here are some examples:

  • American Handball: Players use their hands to hit a small rubber ball against a wall, much like squash without rackets.
  • Gaelic Handball: A wall-based sport played in Ireland, where the ball is hit with the hand.
  • Australian Handball: Players hit a ball against one or two walls using their hands, similar to squash but without a racket.
  • Chinese Handball: Popular on the streets of New York, this is a form of American handball resembling Wallball.
  • Wallball: A wall-based sport similar to squash, played by hitting a hi-bounce rubber ball with the hand onto a wall after a single bounce.
  • International Game: A team sport designed for players from similar handball sports to compete against each other.
  • Basque Pelota: A group of court sports involving hitting a ball against a wall using the hand, a racket, a wooden bat, or a basket.
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Q: How do you win a squash match?
A: Squash matches are typically played in a best-of-five sets format. The player who wins three sets first, each played for 11 points, is declared the match winner.

Q: What is the difference between squash and racquetball?
A: While both squash and racquetball are racket sports played in enclosed courts, they have distinct differences. The balls used in each sport are different, with squash balls being smaller and less bouncy. The rules and gameplay also vary, with squash often being considered a more strategic and technical game.

Q: Are squash and tennis related?
A: Squash and tennis share some similarities, such as the use of rackets and a ball, but they are distinct sports. Squash is played in an enclosed court with different rules and strategies, while tennis is played on an open court with its own unique gameplay.


Squash is a thrilling indoor racket sport with a rich history and global popularity. Played on a rectangular court, the objective is to hit the ball against the front wall, allowing it to bounce only once on the floor. Various types of squash-type sports exist, including hardball squash, racquetball, and paddleball. Additionally, there are hand-based versions like American Handball and Wallball. Whether you’re a seasoned player or a beginner, the world of squash offers a diverse range of experiences. So grab a racket, step onto the court, and discover the excitement of squash!

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