Sunday, 21 Jul 2024

Seatball: A Unique Team Sport for Disabled and Non-Disabled Athletes


Seatball, also known as Sitball or Sitzball (in Germany), is a team sport that offers an inclusive environment for both disabled and non-disabled athletes. Derived from regular indoor volleyball, Seatball stands out as players are seated and the net is lowered. This adaptation allows individuals with physical disabilities, such as leg amputees, to actively participate in the sport.

The Essence of Seatball

Seatball bears resemblance to sitting volleyball, a Paralympic sport. In both sports, players remain seated on the ground while aiming to hit the ball over the net. However, Seatball differentiates itself by playing on a larger court and allowing the ball to bounce once between touches. A match consists of two 17-minute halves, contrasting traditional volleyball games that follow a point-based scoring system.

The rules dictate that the ball can be touched a maximum of three times before being sent to the opposing field. Furthermore, the ball must bounce on the ground at least once between each touch and can only be hit with the palm of the hand, excluding the use of a fist.

The Seatball Experience

A Seatball game involves two teams, each comprising five players. While many players have disabilities, the sport prohibits the use of leg and arm prostheses during gameplay. The rectangular court measures 10 x 8 meters and features a net placed one meter high at the center. To maintain a standard experience, regulation volleyballs are used.

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Seatball boasts popularity in Germany and several African countries. German men’s championships have taken place annually since 1954, with women’s championships following suit in 1974. European seatball tournaments have been organized since the 1970s. Notably, the first Seatball World Cup was held in Kigali, Rwanda, in November 2006. Teams from Germany, Switzerland, Rwanda, Burundi, and Uganda participated in this milestone event.

Similar Sports

While Seatball stands out with its seated gameplay, the sporting world offers other options with similar foundations:

  • Sitting Volleyball: Often referred to as Paralympic volleyball, this variation allows disabled athletes to play volleyball while seated.
  • Volleyball: The classic game played by two teams of six players who aim to hit a ball over a high net and score points by making the ball touch the ground on the opponent’s side.
  • Fistball: A team sport resembling volleyball, Fistball permits striking the ball with either the fist or the arm. Unlike volleyball, the ball can bounce once after each contact.


Q: How is Seatball different from sitting volleyball?
A: While both sports involve seated players hitting a ball over a net, Seatball allows the ball to bounce once between touches, takes place on a larger court, and follows a time-based format.

Q: Can players wear leg and arm prostheses during Seatball games?
A: No, the use of leg and arm prostheses is prohibited during Seatball matches to ensure a level playing field.

Q: What is the history of Seatball World Cup participation?
A: The inaugural Seatball World Cup took place in November 2006 in Kigali, Rwanda. Teams from Germany, Switzerland, Rwanda, Burundi, and Uganda participated in this historic event.

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Seatball offers an incredible opportunity for disabled and non-disabled athletes to come together and enjoy the thrill of team sports. By providing a modified version of indoor volleyball, Seatball creates an inclusive environment where everyone can participate and compete on an equal playing field. With its growing popularity in Germany and across Africa, Seatball continues to pave the way for inclusive sports experiences worldwide.

To learn more about Seatball and explore the vibrant world of inclusive sports, visit Auralpressure.