Saturday, 22 Jun 2024

Ice Hockey

Ice hockey is a thrilling and fast-paced contact sport played on ice using skates and sticks. Known simply as “hockey” in the United States, Canada, and some European countries, ice hockey is a sport that brings together skill, strategy, and teamwork. In countries where hockey refers to field hockey, the term “ice hockey” is used to distinguish the two.

The Game

Ice hockey is played by two teams, each consisting of six players, including a goaltender. The objective of the game is to score goals by shooting a rubber disc, called the puck, into the opposing team’s goal net. The game is typically played indoors on a hockey rink.

Rules of the Game

There are three main rules in ice hockey that govern the movement of the puck. The first is the offside rule, which states that a player cannot be in the opponent’s zone before the puck. The second rule is icing, which prohibits a player from sending the puck across both center lines. Finally, the puck is considered out of play when it leaves the ice rink.

Other Hockey Sports (on ice)

In addition to traditional ice hockey, there are several variations of the sport played on ice. These include:

  • 3×3 Ice Hockey: A modified version of ice hockey played on a half rink with three players on each team.
  • Pond Hockey: A version of ice hockey played on a natural frozen body of water.
  • Bandy: A team sport that uses sticks to direct a ball into the opposing team’s goal, considered a precursor to ice hockey.
  • Ringette: A sport very similar to ice hockey, with slight rule variations.
  • Power Hockey: Ice hockey played by individuals riding an electric wheelchair.
  • Ice Sledge Hockey: Ice hockey played on double-blade sledges, designed for people with physical disabilities on their lower body.
  • Spongee: A non-contact sport played on an ice rink, where players wear rubber boots and use a sponge puck instead of a hard puck.
  • Broomball: A game similar to ice hockey, played with a broom instead of a stick and without skates.
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Other Hockey Sports (off ice)

Hockey encompasses various sports played off the ice. Some examples include:

  • Ball Hockey: A sport similar to ice hockey but played on foot and on a non-ice surface.
  • Field Hockey: An outdoor sport played on turf, where players hit a round ball through goals using curved-ended sticks.
  • Street Hockey: Derived from ice hockey, this team sport is played on asphalt or cement surfaces, with players typically wearing shoes instead of skates.
  • Roller Hockey: The umbrella term for rink and inline hockey.
  • Rink Hockey: Roller hockey played on quad skates.
  • Unicycle Hockey: Similar to roller or inline hockey, but all players ride a unicycle and use a tennis ball and ice hockey sticks.
  • Inline Hockey: Players move around on a wooden or concrete surface using inline skates.
  • Floor Hockey: Non-ice indoor hockey sports derived from field and ice hockey.
  • Floorball: A version of floor hockey played with a lighter ball.
  • Air Hockey: A game played on an air-hockey table, where participants aim to hit a puck elevated on a cushion of air into the opponent’s goal.

Related Pages

For more information about the various forms of ice hockey played around the world, check out the following pages:

  • Hockey Decoder: A discussion on the different types of hockey played globally.
  • Complete list of sports
  • The Encyclopedia of Sports


Q: How many players are there in ice hockey?
A: Each team in ice hockey consists of six players, including a goaltender.

Q: What is the objective of ice hockey?
A: The main goal of ice hockey is to score goals by shooting the puck into the opposing team’s net.

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Q: Are there any specific rules in ice hockey?
A: Yes, there are three main rules in ice hockey that govern the movement of the puck: offside, icing, and the puck going out of play.


In summary, ice hockey is an exciting contact sport played on ice, involving skill, teamwork, and strategy. The game is played by two teams with six players each, aiming to score goals by shooting the puck into the opposing team’s net. Ice hockey has various rule variations and also includes different versions played on ice and off ice. Whether you’re a fan or a player, ice hockey offers a thrilling and competitive experience.

For more information and to explore the fascinating world of ice hockey, be sure to visit