Saturday, 22 Jun 2024

Badminton Rules

Badminton is a fascinating sport that has evolved since the 16th century. With its roots in Asia, particularly in countries like China and India, where it enjoys immense popularity, the sport has gained worldwide recognition, making its mark in the Olympic events. In this article, we will explore the essential rules and regulations of badminton, providing you with a comprehensive understanding of the game.

Object of the Game

The primary objective of badminton is to hit the shuttlecock over the net and land it within the designated court areas. When your opponent successfully returns the shuttlecock, a rally begins. You earn a point if you win the rally by forcing your opponent to hit the shuttlecock out or into the net. To win a set, you must accumulate 21 points, with most matches being best of 3 sets. Points can be won on either serve.

Players & Equipment

Badminton can be played in two forms: singles and doubles (and even mixed doubles). Each player is equipped with a stringed racket, similar to a tennis racket but with a smaller head, and a shuttlecock. The shuttlecock consists of a half-round ball at the bottom and a feather-like material surrounding the top. When hitting the shuttlecock, you can only make contact with the bottom part, as gravity causes it to revert with the ball side facing down. Each player can hit the shuttlecock only once before it touches the ground or goes over the net.

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The court measures 6.1m wide and 13.4m long. A net is positioned in the middle of the rectangular court, running at a height of 1.55m. Tram lines are present on each side of the court, with the inside lines used as the parameter for singles matches and the outside line for doubles matches.


Points are scored when you successfully hit the shuttlecock over the net and it lands in your opponent’s court before they can return it. You can also earn a point if your opponent hits the shuttlecock into the net or outside the court’s parameters.

Winning the Game

To win a game, you must reach 21 points before your opponent. If the score is tied at 20-20, the game becomes a race to gain a two-point advantage. In the event of a tie at 29-29, the next point will determine the set’s winner. Winning the overall game requires winning 2 out of the 3 sets played.

Rules of Badminton

  • A game can be played with either two (singles) or four (doubles) players.
  • An official match must be played indoors on the proper court dimensions: 6.1m by 13.4m, with a net height of 1.55m.
  • To score a point, the shuttlecock must land within the parameters of the opponent’s court.
  • If the shuttlecock hits the net or lands out, a point is awarded to the opponent.
  • Players must serve diagonally across the net to their opponent. As points are won, the serving stations move from one side to the other. There are no second serves, so if your first serve goes out, your opponent wins the point.
  • A serve must be hit underarm and below the server’s waist. Overarm serves are not allowed.
  • Each game starts with a toss to determine who serves first and which side of the court the opponent chooses.
  • Once the shuttlecock is “live,” players may move freely around the court and can even hit the shuttlecock from outside the playing area.
  • If a player touches the net with any part of their body or racket, it is considered a fault, and the opponent receives the point.
  • A fault is also called in various situations, such as deliberately distracting the opponent, catching the shuttlecock in the racket and flinging it, hitting the shuttlecock twice, or continuously infringing the laws of badminton.
  • Each game is umpired by a referee on a high chair, who oversees the game. Line judges monitor whether the shuttlecock lands in or out. The referee has the final say on infringements and faults.
  • The referee may call a let if an unforeseen or accidental circumstance arises, such as the shuttlecock getting stuck in the net, a server serving out of turn, a player not being ready, or a decision that is too close to call.
  • The game consists of two rest periods: a 90-second rest after the first game and a 5-minute rest period after the second game.
  • If a player repeatedly breaks the rules, the referee has the authority to dock points from that player, with persistent fouls potentially resulting in a forfeit of the set or even the entire match.
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Q: How is badminton scored?
A: In badminton, you earn a point every time you successfully hit the shuttlecock over the net and it lands in your opponent’s court before they can return it. You can also gain a point if your opponent hits the shuttlecock into the net or outside the court’s boundaries.

Q: What are the dimensions of a badminton court?
A: A badminton court measures 6.1 meters in width and 13.4 meters in length. A net running at a height of 1.55 meters is positioned in the middle of the rectangular court.

Q: How do you win a game of badminton?
A: To win a game of badminton, you must accumulate 21 points before your opponent. If the score is tied at 20-20, you must secure a two-point advantage to win. If the score reaches 29-29, the next point determines the winner. The overall game is won by winning 2 out of the 3 sets played.


Badminton is an exciting sport that has captivated players and fans for centuries. With its origins dating back to the 16th century, the sport has evolved to become a global phenomenon, particularly in Asian countries like China and India. In this article, we explored the rules and regulations of badminton, covering essential aspects such as gameplay objectives, scoring, equipment, and court dimensions. Mastering the rules of badminton will help you appreciate the game even more and enhance your overall playing experience. So grab your racket, hit the court, and enjoy the thrilling world of badminton!

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