Tuesday, 28 May 2024

A Brief History of the Golf Ball

The game of golf has a rich history, with the golf ball evolving significantly over time. From humble beginnings of hitting pebbles with sticks, to the modern golf balls we see today, the journey of the golf ball is a fascinating one.

The Early Days: Pebbles and Wooden Balls

The precursor to golf involved using pebbles and sticks to navigate the sand dunes of Scotland. As the game developed, players realized the need for a more specialized ball. Wooden balls were introduced as the first dedicated golf balls.

The Featherie Era: Feathers and Leather

In 1618, the feather golf ball, also known as the ‘Featherie’, came into existence. These balls were made by stuffing thin leather bags with feathers. While they provided a significant improvement over wooden balls, they were limited in distance, with a maximum range of 225 yards.

The Gutta Percha Revolution

In 1848, the Gutta Percha ball, or ‘Guttie’ ball, revolutionized the game. These balls were made from the sap of the Gutta tree, which could be heated and molded into a sphere. The Guttie balls were more affordable and consistent in quality compared to their predecessors. They also offered a slightly longer distance, but still fell short of the Featherie’s maximum range.

The Rise of the Rubber Core

In 1889, the one-piece rubber cored ball was introduced. These balls resembled the Gutties but featured a solid rubber core wrapped in rubber thread, all encased in a gutta percha sphere. This design provided the average golfer with an extra 20 yards and could even reach distances of up to 430 yards in the hands of professionals.

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Dimples and Modern Design

Players soon discovered that older balls traveled further, leading to the practice of roughing up new balls to achieve the same effect. Different surface patterns were experimented with until 1905, when the first dimple pattern was applied to a ball. This marked the beginning of the design we recognize in modern golf balls.

Standardization and Varieties

In 1921, the R&A and USGA standardized the size and weight of the golf ball. However, between 1931 and 1990, they disagreed on the dimensions, resulting in variations in the game on either side of the Atlantic. Throughout the 1900s, little changed in ball design.

It was not until 1972 when Spalding introduced the first two-piece ball, the Executive, that a significant innovation occurred. Today, there is a wide variety of golf balls available, each offering unique characteristics such as control, distance, or suitability for practice.


Q: What were the earliest golf balls made of?
A: The earliest golf balls were made of wood.

Q: How did the Gutta Percha ball revolutionize the game?
A: The Gutta Percha ball, or Guttie, was made from rubber-like sap and offered a more affordable and consistent option compared to the Featherie.

Q: When were dimples first applied to golf balls?
A: Dimples were first applied to a golf ball in 1905, marking the beginning of the design for the modern ball.


The evolution of the golf ball is a testament to the continuous pursuit of improvement in the game of golf. From pebbles and wooden balls to the modern dimpled designs, each era has contributed to enhancing both the performance and enjoyment of the sport. So, the next time you tee off, take a moment to appreciate the incredible journey of the golf ball.

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